Country File: China

Today’s Country File kicks off our exploration of the most populated nation on earth: 中华人民共和国 (Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó), commonly known as China!

Flag of the People's Republic of China

China joined UNESCO on 04 November 1946, making it a real country by‘s standard; it has 52 inscribed and 60 tentative World Heritage Sites, and 1 wonder and 1 finalist on the New 7 Wonders lists:

Mount Qingcheng and the Dujiangyan Irrigation System (2000)
Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun (2000)
Longmen Grottoes (2000)
Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (2000)
Yungang Grottoes (2001)
Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas (2003)
Historic Centre of Macao (2005)
Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces (2013)
Kaiping Diaolou and Villages (2007)
Fujian Tulou (2008)
Yin Xu (2006)
Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom (2004)
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries – Wolong, Mt Siguniang and Jiajin Mountains (2006)
South China Karst (2007)
Mount Wutai (2009)
Mount Sanqingshan National Park (2008)
Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in “The Centre of Heaven and Earth” (2010)
West Lake Cultural Landscape of Hangzhou (2011)
China Danxia (2010)
Chengjiang Fossil Site (2012)
Site of Xanadu (2012)
Xinjiang Tianshan (2013)
Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor (2014)
The Grand Canal (2014)
Tusi Sites (2015)
Zuojiang Huashan Rock Art Cultural Landscape (2016)
Hubei Shennongjia (2016)
Qinghai Hoh Xil (2017)
Kulangsu, a Historic International Settlement (2017)
Mount Taishan (1987)
The Great Wall (1987)
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang (1987)
Mogao Caves (1987)
Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (1987)
Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian (1987)
Mount Huangshan (1990)
Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992)
Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992)
Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992)
Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde (1994)
Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu (1994)
Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains (1994)
Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa (1994)
Lushan National Park (1996)
Mount Emei Scenic Area, including Leshan Giant Buddha Scenic Area (1996)
Old Town of Lijiang (1997)
Ancient City of Ping Yao (1997)
Classical Gardens of Suzhou (1997)
Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing (1998)
Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing (1998)
Mount Wuyi (1999)
Dazu Rock Carvings (1999)

Dongzhai Port Nature Reserve (12/02/1996)
The Alligator Sinensis Nature Reserve (12/02/1996)
Poyang Nature Reserve (12/02/1996)
The Lijiang River Scenic Zone at Guilin (12/02/1996)
Yalong, Tibet (29/11/2001)
Yangtze Gorges Scenic Spot (29/11/2001)
Jinfushan Scenic Spot (29/11/2001)
Heaven Pit and Ground Seam Scenic Spot (29/11/2001)
Hua Shan Scenic Area (29/11/2001)
Yandang Mountain (29/11/2001)
Nanxi River (29/11/2001)
Maijishan Scenic Spots (29/11/2001)
Wudalianchi Scenic Spots (29/11/2001)
Haitan Scenic Spots (29/11/2001)
Dali Chanshan Mountain and Erhai Lake Scenic Spot (29/11/2001)
Sites for Liquor Making in China (28/03/2008)
Ancient Residences in Shanxi and Shaanxi Provinces (28/03/2008)
City Walls of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (28/03/2008)
Slender West Lake and Historic Urban Area in Yangzhou (28/03/2008)
The Ancient Waterfront Towns in the South of Yangtze River (28/03/2008)
Chinese Section of the Silk Road: Land routes in Henan Province, Shaanxi Province, Gansu Province, Qinghai Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region; Sea Routes in Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province and Quanzhou City, Fujian Province – from Western-Han Dynasty to Qing Dynasty(28/03/2008)
Fenghuang Ancient City (28/03/2008)
Site of Southern Yue State (28/03/2008)
Baiheliang Ancient Hydrological Inscription (28/03/2008)
Miao Nationality Villages in Southeast Guizhou Province: The villages of Miao Nationality at the Foot of Leigong Mountain in Miao Ling Mountains (28/03/2008)
Karez Wells (28/03/2008)
Expansion Project of Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties: King Lujian’s Tombs (28/03/2008)
The Four Sacred Mountains as an Extension of Mt. Taishan (07/04/2008)
Taklimakan Desert—Populus euphratica Forests (29/01/2010)
China Altay (29/01/2010)
Karakorum-Pamir (29/01/2010)
The Central Axis of Beijing (including Beihai) (29/01/2013)
Wooden Structures of Liao Dynasty—Wooden Pagoda of Yingxian County,Main Hall of Fengguo Monastery of Yixian County (29/01/2013)
Sites of Hongshan Culture: The Niuheliang Archaeological Site, the Hongshanhou Archaeological Site, and Weijiawopu Archaeological Site (29/01/2013)
Liangzhu Archaeological Site (29/01/2013)
Ancient Porcelain Kiln Site in China (29/01/2013)
SanFangQiXiang (29/01/2013)
Ancient Tea Plantations of Jingmai Mountain in Pu’er (29/01/2013)
Western Xia Imperial Tombs (29/01/2013)
Dong Villages (29/01/2013)
Lingqu Canal (29/01/2013)
Diaolou Buildings and Villages for Tibetan and Qiang Ethnic Groups (29/01/2013)
Archaeological Sites of the Ancient Shu State: Site at Jinsha and Joint Tombs of Boat- shaped Coffins in Chengdu City, Sichuan Province; Site of Sanxingdui in Guanghan City, Sichuan Province 29C.BC-5C.BC (29/01/2013)
Fanjingshan (30/01/2015)
Xinjiang Yardang (30/01/2015)
Dunhuang Yardangs (30/01/2015)
Tianzhushan (30/01/2015)
Jinggangshan–North Wuyishan (Extension of Mount Wuyi) (30/01/2015)
ShuDao (30/01/2015)
Tulin-Guge Scenic and Historic Interest Areas (30/01/2015)
Historic Monuments and Sites of Ancient Quanzhou (Zayton) (20/01/2016)
The Chinese Section of the Silk Roads (22/02/2016)
Guancen Mountain — Luya Mountain (28/02/2017)
Hulun Buir Landscape & Birthplace of Ancient Minority (28/02/2017)
Qinghai Lake (28/02/2017)
Scenic and historic area of Sacred Mountains and Lakes (28/02/2017)
Taihang Mountain (28/02/2017)
The Coast of the Bohai Gulf and the Yellow Sea of China (28/02/2017)
Vertical Vegetation Landscape and Volcanic Landscape in Changbai Mountain(28/02/2017)

New 7 Wonder:
Great Wall of China

New 7 Wonders finalist:


p dir=”ltr”>MTP counts the provinces, possessions, and disputed territories of China as 38 places:

Aksai Chin
Beijing (District)
Chongqing (District)
Hainan Island
Hong Kong
Inner Mongolia
Paracel Islands
Scarborough Shoal (Reef)
Shanghai (District)
Spratly Islands
Tianjin (District)

and TCC counts it as 4 places:

  • China, People’s Republic
  • Hainan Island
  • Hong Kong
  • Macau


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